Fort Worth is the fifth biggest city in the state of Texas and the seventeenth biggest in the United States. It covers an area of three hundred square miles and has a population of seven hundred and fifty thousand residents. Fort Worth can trace its history to the year 1849, when Major Ripley A. Arnold erected a post on the banks of the Trinity River and named it Fort Worth in honor of General William Jenkins Worth, who died earlier in the year of cholera. In November of that year, the United States War Department made the name official.
Over the next couple of years, settlers began to move into the area around the fort. The United States military decided to abandon the fort in 1853 and the settlers ended up taking the fort over. Between 1854 and 1856, various institutions were built in the settlement which included department stores, a school, a flour mill and a general store. In 1860, Fort Worth became the county seat and a stone county courthouse was erected. Thanks to the cattle
industry, Fort Worth became a boom town and enjoyed a long period of prosperity. This was due to the fact that the town was a popular resting place for cattle drivers who were pushing their cattle to Kansas. In 1873, the town of Fort Worth became incorporated into a city.
Today, Fort Worth is a vibrant city with many attractions to offer visitors. A popular attraction in the city is the Fort Worth Zoo. This zoo was founded in 1909 and it originally only had two bear cubs, a lion, an alligator, a coyote, a handful of rabbits and a peacock. The zoo now contains over four hundred and thirty-five species and has been named the one of the top zoos in the United States by several leading publications including the L.A. Times and USA Today. Exhibits at this zoo include Museum of Living Art, World of Primates, Texas Wild!, Raptor Canyon, Asian Falls, Herpetarium, Chee·tos Cheetahs, African Savannah, Great Barrier Reef, Komodo Dragon, Thundering Plains, Meerkat Mounds and Parrot Paradise.
Another popular attraction in Fort Worth is the Amon Carter Museum. This musuem was founded by Amon Carter to house his collection of art by Charles M. Russell and Frederic Remington. In 1961, when the museum was opened to the public, its first director Mitchell A. Wilder expanded the collection to include Western art from the 1830s to the present day. The collection now has works by artists such as Alfred Stieglitz, Alexander Calder, Georgia O’Keeffe, John Singer Sargent, Thomas Cole, Martin Johnson Heade, Stuart Davis, Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins and Charles Demuth. The museum also contains more than thirty thousand prints collected from over four hundred photographers.
The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth is another popular museum in the city. It was founded in 1892 as the “Fort Worth Public Library and Art Gallery”, and over the years has been moved to several different locations and has had several different names. Today, the aim of the museum is the collecting, interpreting and presenting post World War II art. Its current home was designed by architect Tadao Ando and was opened to the public in December of 2002.
The building has five pavilions and a reflecting pond. The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth contains over twenty-six hundred pieces of art and has over fifty-three thousand square feet of floor space. Artists represented by its collection include Jackson Pollock, Andres Serrano, Gerhard Richter, Cindy Sherman, Susan Rothenberg, Andy Warhol, Pablo Picasso, Richard Serra, Anselm Kiefer and Robert Motherwell.
Close to the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth is the Kimbell Art Museum. The Kimbell Art Museum houses a small, but impressive collection of Asian, European and Pre-Columbian works of art. It was founded in 1936, by Kay and Velma Kimbell, Texas art collectors. In 1964, Velma Kimbell passed away and bequethed it
to the state to be used as an art museum. In 1972, the museum opened to the public. Its located in a one hundred and twenty thousand square foot building that was designed by architect Louis Kahn. The collection contains works by artists such as Monet, Picasso, Rembrandt, Rubens, Gainsborough, Caravaggio, El Greco, Michelangelo and Vigee-Lebrun. There is also a collection of Greek, Roman and Assyrian antiquities. The National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame honors women of the American West who have distinguished themselves and have personified the spirit of the Western Frontier. This museum is located in the Cultural District of the city and is adjacent to the Fort Worth Museum of Science and History.Women honored by this museum include Esther Hobart Morris, Gail Davis, Sandra Day O’Connor, Texas Rose Bascom, Anne W. Marion, Sacagawea, Lulu Bell Parr, Ann Lowdon Call, Laura Ingalls Wilder, Dale Evans, Wantha Davis, Willa Cather, Elaine Kramer, Minnie Lou Bradley and Patsy Montana.
Other popular attractions in Fort Worth, Texas include Fort Worth Stockyards National Historic District, Fort Worth Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Texas Christian University, Sid Richardson Collection of Western Art, Trinity Park, Fort Worth Botanic Garden, Log Cabin Village, Thistle Hill House Museum, Sundance Square, Pendery’s World of Chiles & Spices, Fort Worth Water Gardens, Omni Theater, American Airlines CR Smith Museum, Stockyards Museum, Burger’s Lake, Cowtown Coliseum, Fort Worth Nature Center and Refuge, Pecan Valley Golf Course, The Golf Club at Fossil Creek, WaterChase Golf, The Creeks at Beechwood Golf course, Will Rogers Memorial Center, Fort Worth Convention Center, Texas Cowboy Hall of Fame, Evelyn Siegel Gallery, Vintage Flying Museum, The Ball-Eddleman-McFarland House, Broadway Baptist Church, St. Patrick Cathedral, Fort Worth Opera, Hell’s Half Acre, Fort Worth Museum of Science & History, Tarrant County Courthouse, Burnett Park, Casa Manana Theater, Noble Planetarium, Hangman’s House of Horrors and the Texas Civil War Museum. Fort Worth also has several notable hotels which include Stockyards Hotel, The Worthington,A Renaissance Hotel, Embassy Suites, Sheraton Fort Worth and the Ashton Hotel. The city is also home to several bars, nightclubs and saloons.